The Arms of the United States Military

The Meaning of Military?

The first answer that comes to the mind is a person who is in charge. However, we are focusing on the United States Armed Forces. They consist of five armed service factions, who are: the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps and the Coast Guard. Also, there are three universal groups in the military namely; the veterans and retirees who are the past members of the military, the active duty also regarded as full-time soldiers and sailors, and the reserve & guard forces that usually are involved in a civilian job, but can be called to full-time military duty. The main focus of this article is to expose you to the basics in the hierarchy of the US military.

Firstly, the position of the Commander-In-Chief is solely held by the President of the United States. He is in charge of final decisions to be made in the country. The Department of Defense is controlled by the Secretary and has control over the military office. It is only Department of Homeland security that has supreme power over the Coast Guard branch. Every other branch is controlled by the Department of Defense. The Department of Defense can be rated the world’s largest company, because it has a staff size of over two million employees, both in the military and civilian.

The general mission of all the branches of the military in the US is to maintain security and peace. These military branches are explained below:

  • Air Force and Air Force Reserve

The prominent goal of the UASF is to fly satellites, planes, and Helicopters. This branch is also known as the nation’s root for space power and air.

  • Air National Guard

This is a different faction of the Air Force military group in the United States.

  • Army and Army Reserve

This can be referred to as the supreme power over the land. It also protects properties throughout the world and various United States installations. For instance, the Army comes to a location, protects the area and imparts value and order before leaving.

  • Marine Corps and Marine Corps Reserve

They are regarded as the first boots on the ground. The Marine Corps are well-tactical in fighting on land and sea. They are known as very violent and furious in wars. The United States also refer to them as their rapid-reaction force/unit.

  • Navy and Navy Reserve

One of the main aims of the Navy and the Navy reserve is to protect and guard the seas/ oceans around the world, to establish smooth trading and travel and also to maintain stability and peace in the country. Their major operation is not limited to the sea, but also to the land and the air.

  • Coast Guard and Coast Guard Reserve

This branch of the military is mainly involved in drug prevention, enforcing the law, clearing waterways and rescue operations. Their major aim is in clearing domestic waterways.

  • Army National Guard

They are also referred to the elite group of warriors, who uses less of their time in serving the country. In the United States constitution, each state must have an Army National Guard. This is the only branch of the US military that is necessary for the constitution.

Where are all these Military men and women stationed?

The United States carries out their operations in more than hundred countries. These countries include Germany, United Kingdom, Japan, South Korea, Brazil, Australia, Afghanistan, Italy, Iraq, Bahrain, etc.

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Brief History of the US Military

The political, economic and institutional issues of America’s history, also portrays the history of the American military. The recurring themes of the history of the US military are very wide and complicated. This is as a result of the philosophy of the military institutions, commitment to the civilian control, the dual force of professionals and citizen- soldiers. In the year 2007, the Department of Defense, “the military” as it was regarded generally comprises of the Air force, Marine Corps, Navy, Coast Guard and the Army. The president of the United States is regarded as the Commander-In-Chief and has the right to control the National Guard units or the individual state militia. The world’s military power is presently held by America, even though the power was not initially with them.

In 1775, the Army of the United States was formed. This has led the US Army to be one of the prominent land defense team in the armed forces of the United States. Their major occupation is to defend and protect the military occupation and fight land battles.  In the United States, the Corps of Engineers controlled the river side. In order to defeat the British Army, the Continental Army had to be formed. This helped the need for well-experienced soldiers in the revolution of America. In 1940, during the peacetime, the number in the Army decreased. The Air force gained their independence from the Army Air forces in 1947. In 1947, the US Army ceased to be under the control of the war department and the Department of Defense. Credit is given to the US Army for engaging in these various battles: The War of 1812 (1812-15), American Civil War (1861-65), Spanish-American War (1898), World War I (1917-18), World War II (1941-45), Korean War (1950-53) and Vietnam War (1965-71).

In 1991, the cold war came to a halt. They were involved in the Gulf war of 1991, the war in Afghanistan and the war in Iraq. The US Army also concentrated on Western Asia at that time.

The National Army was founded with a united effort in 1917 to combat the World War1. This effort came from the United States War Department. The army of the United States took over from the National Army in World War II. The cold war began during the end of the World War II, which brought about the opposing discord. Due to the Korean War, the defense of the Western Europe was under threat, therefore NATO was formed. Korea and Vietnam, who were the communist forces of the Americans and their allies, were attacked by them during the cold war. There was a change in the reorganization structure in the 1980s. Also, there was the emphasis on technology and training by the American Army. The Cold War marked its ending in the year 1989.

The United States Army decided to reduce their staff.  The US and NATO forces reacted against the war of terror that occurred in the September 11 attacks. As a result of this, they intruded against the Afghanistan in the year 2001 and overthrew the government of the Taliban. The United States Army was major contributors in the 2003 invasion of Iraq by the United States and its allies.